Proudly Serving:

Northeast Florida & Palm Coast Counties

We are now a My Safe Florida Home Approved Contractor.
Get a $10,000 rebate for
your project!

Proudly Serving:

Northeast Florida & Palm Coast Counties

24/7 Support

NE FL: (904) 396-5000​

We are now a My Safe Florida Home Approved Contractor. Get a $10,000 rebate for your project!

A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Roof Pitch

roof pitch, roof pitch chart, pitched roof, roof pitches, roof pitch calculator

According to the building business, a roof pitch is a way to measure how steep the roof of a building is. The slope, angle, or slant is used to split the rising height of a pitch. All three of these roof inspection factors work together to make a roof rise and fall.  

The ratio is made up of two numbers, and one, like 1/12 or 5/12, shows the roof pitches. You can also call these numbers the numerator and the denominator. The first number, the value of the roof’s height, is the numerator. Conversely, the denominator is the second number, which shows how long the roof is across. It is always even in the number.   

How Do You Calculate Roof Pitch? 

Roof pitch can be found by splitting the rise by the span of the roof. The vertical rise is the distance from the lowest point on the roof to the highest point, and the span is the distance between the outside walls of the roof.   

When you measure your roof for shingles and pitch, you’ll need to use a ladder and be careful. You can also find out the pitch of your roof from inside your home if you can get to the rafters. This helps you figure out how much roof repair will cost.   

You may determine the pitch of your roof by using using a roof pitch calculator or do the following method:  

Step 1 

Make sure you can walk on your roof and get the things you need without getting hurt. Get a ladder, a ruler or tape measure, a 12-inch level, a pen, and paper ready. Taking small things up the ladder with a bag or bucket is easy.  

Step 2 

The bubble should be in the middle of the level when you put it at one end of the roof’s covering.  

Step 3 

Write down the distance you found from the bottom of the roof’s rafter to the 12-inch mark on your level. The pitch is the additional inches over 12 inches. For instance, if you put the ruler or tape measure on the roof and measure 6 inches from the edge to the 12-inch mark, your pitch is 6/12. 

 What is the Standard Roof Pitch? 

A lot of people are interested in knowing what the normal roof pitch chart is. No, there isn’t just one normal roof pitch. As you can see, the best range of pitches for each building depends on many things, such as the type of roof and the weather. 

Different words describe how steep a roof is: pitch, angle, rise, slope. “Pitch” in roofing words means 12 inches. For every 12 inches the roof goes across, how many inches does it go up and down? 

For every 12 inches of horizontal run, the height goes up by two inches. It is called a “2-in-12 pitch” or just a “2 pitch.” 

Importance of Roof Pitch 

The roof’s pitch is an important factor affecting many parts of your roofing system. Here are some important reasons why roof pitch is important: 

 Aesthetic Appeal 

The pitch of your roof greatly affects how your home looks generally. Different pitches can make you think of different types of architecture, from the classic steep pitches of Gothic architecture to the flatter slopes of modern designs. 

 Water Drainage 

How much water runs off a roof directly relates to its pitch. Steeper pitches shed more water, so water pools and leaks are less likely. Having good water flow is important to keep your roof in good shape and prevent water damage. 


roof pitch, roof pitch chart, pitched roof, roof pitches, roof pitch calculator


Snow and Debris Shedding 

A higher roof pitch is helpful in places where it snows a lot because it helps shed snow more quickly. This keeps heavy snow from piling up, lowering the risk of building damage. A steeper pitch also helps get rid of things like leaves and twigs. 

Ventilation and Insulation 

A pitched roof affects the space and airflow in the attic. Most of the time, steeper pitches give you more room in your attic, which is better for insulation and airflow. Enough ventilation is important for keeping the attic at the right temperature and amount of moisture, stopping problems like mold and mildew. 

 What Does a 4 12 Roof Pitch Mean? 

Something called a 4 on 12 roof pitch tells you how steep the slope of a roof is. This means that the roof goes up 4 inches for every 12 inches it goes down. The ratio of rise to run is 4:12, which is the same as a slope of 18.43 degrees.  

This slope is average and often used in residential buildings. It strikes a good mix between how it looks and how well it works to shed water and snow. A 4/12 pitch step is enough to quickly remove water and make the roof easy to walk on. It is usually thought of as the lowest slope for installing regular shingles. 4/12 pitch can be written as a number, a percentage, a ratio, or an angle. 

 What Does a 3 12 Pitch Mean? 

Roofing Systems should have a minimum pitch of three inches per foot, or 3:12. The roof should slope down at least three inches for every straight foot. This pitch ensures that water flows off the roof properly and that the roof doesn’t leak or get damaged in any other way. 

Putting a metal roof on a lower pitch is possible, but it is not a good idea. A metal roof on a low-rise building is more likely to have problems like leaks, water pooling, and wearing out too quickly. To avoid these problems, it is very important to make sure that the roof is put on with the right pitch. 

 What Does a 2 12 Pitch Mean? 

The first time is when your roof has a low slope or a flat spot. It is called a low slope if your roof has a pitch of 2:12 or less.    

The makers of shingles and building codes say that you can’t put shingles on a low-slope pitch roof. For a flat or low-slope roof, you can use either a membrane or metal roof system.  

A mansard roof is on the other end of the scale. There is almost no slope to a mansard roof; it’s very steep.  
 Cement shingles should not be put on a mansard roof because they are too heavy. Getting asphalt shingles is still possible, but they will start to fall off over time. 

 Factors Influencing Roof Pitch Selection 

The roof pitch that is best for a building depends on a number of things. When choosing the best pitch for your roof, think about these things: 


When choosing the right roof pitches, the weather in the area is very important. Higher slopes may help places that get a lot of snow or rain because they make it easier for water and snow to run off. 

 Architectural Style 

The best roof pitch may depend on your home’s architecture type. Pitch tastes are often linked to styles like Colonial, Tudor, or Modern. 

 Building Codes 

Local building codes may set minimum pitch standards depending on climate, rainfall, and structural concerns. To keep your roof safe and long-lasting, it’s important to follow these rules. 

roof pitch, roof pitch chart, pitched roof, roof pitches, roof pitch calculator


Material Compatibility 

The suggested pitch can change depending on the roof material you pick. For example, asphalt shingles can be used on various roof pitches. Other materials, like slate or tile, may need a certain pitch to work properly. 

Cost Considerations 

More materials and labor may be needed for steeper pitches, which can affect the total cost of construction. Moreover, striking the appropriate balance between aesthetics and functionality within your budget is crucial.

Bottom Line 

Roof pitch is an important part of its design that goes beyond how it looks. For water to drain, the structure to stay stable, and house upkeep, it’s a must. Homeowners can choose better roofing systems if they understand the different roof pitches, why they’re important, and what factors affect their choice.  

If you need help with your home’s roof, talk to QDRUSA experts. Our commitment to quality and deep understanding of roofing make them reliable partners for building roofs that last. A QDRUSA roof on your home gives you peace of mind and long-term security. 


Step 1 of 3






    • 4.5

      OUT OF 5


      • BCB-Winners-Logo
      • Angies2018
      • Elite_Service
      • Platinum 2020
      • Top Roofing Providers in Jacksonville
Scroll to Top